How to create repository in Git?

git init command is used to create repository. When you run this command, a new branch is created by Git, which is called master. In addition to this, Git also creates a .git directory that will store all the repository history.

Change to the folder in which you have stored your files. After that, run git init followed by ls -a.

$cd /home/mohit/mysite/
$git init
Initialized empty Git repository in /home/mohit/mysite/.git/
$ls -a
.  ..  css  .git  index.html  js

After running this command, you will find that all the files inside the repository are untracked.

$git status
On branch master

Initial commit

Untracked files:
  (use "git add ..." to include in what will be committed)


nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)

To track these files and let Git aware of them, run git add followed by git commit. It will bring entire files in the working directory under the tracking of Git.

$git add .
$git commit -m "Initial commit"
[master (root-commit) dc99c45] Initial commit
 3 files changed, 4 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 css/styles.css
 create mode 100644 index.html
 create mode 100644 js/app.js

You can view the commit logs by running git log.

$git log
commit dc99c45a1b78a8ce4fedd6444136905ab8d81b1b
Author: Mohit Natani <[email protected]>
Date:   Sun Dec 27 07:23:53 2020 +0000

    Initial commit